- Choose foods processed for safety
Purchasing fressh foods impossible. Certain foods eaten raw, such as lettuce need thorough washing. Fruits should be peeled before eating. Frozen foods to thaw then freeze again are unsafe.
- Cook food thoroughly
Thorough cooking means ensuring that the temperature of all parts of the food must reach at least 70 °C.
- Eat cooked foods immediately
Eat cooked foods just as soon as they come off the heat since the longer the waite, the greater the risk of microbe proliferation.
- Store cooked foods carefully
If you plan to store foods for more than four or five hours, be sure to store them under either hot (near or above 60 °C) or cool (near or below 10 °C) conditions. Foods for infants should preferably not be stored at all.
- Reheat cooked foods thoroughly
This is your best protection against microbes that may have developed during storage.Once again, thorough reheating means that all parts of the food must reach at least 70 °C.
- Avoid contact between raw foods and cooked foods
Safely cooked food can become contaminated through even the slightest contact with raw food, directly or subtly (by using the same unwashed cutting board and knife, for instance).
- Wash hands repeatedly
Wash hands thoroughly before you start preparing food and after every interruption. If you have an infection on your hand, be sure to bandage or cover it before preparing food.
- Keep all kitchen surfaces meticulously clean
Since foods are so easily contaminated, any surface used for food preparation must be kept absolutely clean. Cloths that come into contact with dishes and utensils should be changed frequently and boiled before re-use.
- Protect foods from insects, rodents, and other animals
Storing foods in closed containers is your best protection. Cloths that use to cover the cooked foods need to be wash before re-use.
- Use safe water
Safe water is just as important for food preparation as for drinking. Boil water before adding it to food or making ice for drinks. Be especially careful with any water used to prepare an infant's meal.